“Untouchability” not merely caste based but also includes all forms of social ostracism and exclusion: Mad. HC

The Madras High Court (Mad. HC) in a petition alleging discriminatory action by a Senior Advocate of Madras Bar Association (MBA), denying a non-member from using water filter kept in the premises of MBA’s hall, noted that it is a case of class discrimination and therefore, is within the ambit of untouchability. Further, the Mad. HC held that broad reading of Article 17 of the Constitution makes it inclusive of all forms of untouchability and what needs to be considered is that whether the practice was one of social subordination, exclusion, and segregation to be falling within the ambit of untouchability.