Rajya Sabha passes the Mediation Bill, 2021

The Rajya Sabha passed the Mediation Bill, 2021 that aims to promote and facilitate mediation for resolution of disputes and enforce mediated settlement agreements. The Bill requires individuals to attempt and resolve civil or commercial disputes through mediation before resorting to any court or tribunal and attend at least two mediation sessions before withdrawing from the process. The Bill also establishes the Mediation Council of India to oversee the mediation process.