Jail beyond the Sentence Violative of Article 19 and 21 of the Constitution: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court (‘SC’), while hearing an appeal of a rape convict, detained for 10 years instead of his original sentence of 7 years, held “When such a convict is detained beyond the actual release date it would be imprisonment or detention sans sanction of law and would thus, violate not only Article 19(d) but also Article 21 of the Constitution of India.” The SC also observed that a State is vicariously liable for the acts and omissions committed by its officers in the course of employment and therefore, directed the State to pay the appellant compensation to the tune of ₹7.5 lakh.